Hepaititis A Typhoid Immunisation

Hepaititis A Typhoid

Typhoid is a fever that can result in death unless it is caught in time and treatment is administered.

The fever affects the digestive system and lasts several weeks, of the hundreds of cases in the UK; it was found that almost 90% were infected abroad. The disease is transmitted from person to person through drinking water and food. The fever is spread due to adverse hygiene and sanitary conditions. Caused by the bacterium Salmonella, it passes through the lining of the intestine and if allowed to go unchecked, will multiply and spread into the bloodstream. At this point, the victim will experience fever, the first signs of the disease.

The bacteria will then strike the bone marrow, bile ducts and liver. During the first phase of the disease, the victim will experience a rise in body temperature of up to 40 Celsius, sweats, constipation, headaches and coughs; children will often suffer from diarrhea and vomiting. This will continue for a week.

The bacteria will go on to the second stage of its development and penetrate the small intestine through the immune tissue; at this point the victim will begin to experience violent small bowel symptoms. The bacterium incubates for around 10 to 20 days depending on how large the dose of bacteria is.

The next phase starts in 7 to 14 days after the first symptoms. The fever continues to be very high and the victims pulse will weaken and become rapid. The third week’s symptoms include runny pea like diarrhea which may contain blood. The condition will not improve until the fourth week when the fever will begin to subside.

You should visit your doctor or health clinic at least two weeks before you plan on traveling (you should still be vaccinated even if you to travel sooner as the vaccine will still have an effect). The immunity will have time to develop and the vaccine will then last for three years. If you are constantly at risk, you should ensure you are vaccinated every three years. You can receive a typhoid and hepatitis A vaccine combination, the hepatitis part will only give one years protection. If you have had a bad reaction to the vaccine in the past it would be unwise to have a booster.